Sydenham and Other Forms of Chorea



Sydenham and Other Forms of Chorea





Most common causes of chorea: Tables 110.1, 110.2.








Table 110.1 Common Causes of Chorea




































































Hereditary
Huntington disease
Huntington disease-like syndromes (HDL1, HDL2, HDL3)
Hereditary nonprogressive chorea
Neuroacanthocytosis
Dentatorubral pallidoluysian atrophy
Spinocerebellar atrophy 17 (SCA17)
Wilson disease
Ataxia-telangiectasia
Lesch-Nyhan syndrome
Secondary
Infections/immunologic
   Sydenham chorea
   Encephalitis
   Systemic lupus erythematosus
   Antiphospholipid syndrome
Drug-induced
   Levodopa
   Anticonvulsants
   Anticholinergics
   Antipsychotics
Metabolic and endocrine
   Chorea gravidarum
   Hyperthyroidism
   Birth control pills
   Hyperosmolar nonketotic hyperglycemic encephalopathy
Vascular
   Hemichorea/hemiballismus with subthalamic nucleus lesion
   Post-pump choreoathetosis after cardiac surgery
   Periarteritis nodosa
Unknown etiology
Senile chorea
Essential chorea






Table 110.2 Other Causes of Symptomatic Chorea in Childhood

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Jul 27, 2016 | Posted by in NEUROLOGY | Comments Off on Sydenham and Other Forms of Chorea
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