NEUROLOGY

Connective Tissue Diseases, Vasculitis, and the Nervous System

Aug 12, 2019 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Connective Tissue Diseases, Vasculitis, and the Nervous System

Keywords systemtic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic sclerosis, vasculitis, temporal arteritis, Takayasu arteritis, Behçet syndrome   The diseases discussed in this chapter are linked by their inflammatory mechanisms…

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Care at the End of Life

Aug 12, 2019 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Care at the End of Life

Keywords amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, de-efferented state, dementia, end-of-life care, minimally conscious state, persistent vegetative state   With the advent of increasingly sophisticated technology and more powerful pharmacologic agents, it has…

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Dementia and Systemic Disease

Aug 12, 2019 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Dementia and Systemic Disease

Keywords dementia, Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease, dysphagia, aspiration, delirium, falls, sleep   Dementia is a common problem among the elderly and is associated with a number of important systemic complications….

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Seizures and General Medical Disorders

Aug 12, 2019 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Seizures and General Medical Disorders

Keywords Seizures, epilepsy, uremia, hepatic failure, critical illness, porphyria, transplant recipients, connective tissue diseases, HIV infection, diabetes, hypoglycemia, thyroid disease, sodium, magnesium, alcohol, cocaine, medication-induced seizures, trauma   Seizures commonly…

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Disorders of Consciousness in Systemic Diseases

Aug 12, 2019 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Disorders of Consciousness in Systemic Diseases

Keywords consciousness, coma, metabolic encephalopathy, brain death, vegetative state, minimally conscious state   Consciousness is a complex and elusive concept that has been the subject of extensive thought and speculation…

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Neuromuscular Complications of General Medical Disorders

Aug 12, 2019 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Neuromuscular Complications of General Medical Disorders

Keywords motor neuron, radiculopathy, dorsal root ganglia, plexopathy, peripheral neuropathy, polyneuropathy, vasculitic neuropathy, critical illness polyneuropathy, uremic neuropathy, paraneoplastic neuropathies, nutritional neuropathy, toxic neuropathy, hereditary neuropathy, neuromuscular junction disorders, botulism,…

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Neurologic Complications in Critically Ill Patients

Aug 12, 2019 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Neurologic Complications in Critically Ill Patients

Keywords sepsis, septic encephalopathy, critical illness neuropathy, critical illness myopathy, critical illness polyneuropathy   Injury to other organ systems may have direct or remote neurologic effects. Hepatic, cardiac, pulmonary, pancreatic,…

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Postconcussion Syndrome

Aug 12, 2019 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Postconcussion Syndrome

Keywords concussion, postconcussion syndrome, diagnosis, treatment, chronic traumatic encephalopathy, sports participation, headache   Postconcussion syndrome (PCS) is a common condition that includes physical, cognitive, and affective symptoms. PCS has a…

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Neurologic Disorders and Anesthesia

Aug 12, 2019 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Neurologic Disorders and Anesthesia

Keywords anesthesia, regional anesthesia, general anesthesia, spinal anesthesia, neurologic complications, seizures, neuropathy   Current rates of anesthetic complications are low regardless of the type of anesthesia (general, regional, or local)….

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Preoperative and Postoperative Care of Patients with Neurologic Disorders

Aug 12, 2019 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Preoperative and Postoperative Care of Patients with Neurologic Disorders

Keywords preoperative evaluation, perioperative stroke, postoperative recovery, anesthesia, surgery, neuromuscular disorders, seizures, delirium, multiple sclerosis, movement disorders   Introduction Perioperative care of the patient with neurologic disease provides practitioners with…

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