Nontraumatic Intracranial Hemorrhage

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Nontraumatic Intracranial Hemorrhage

Nontraumatic Intracranial Hemorrhage Key Point Nontraumatic intracranial hemorrhage is defined as a spontaneous hemorrhage into the brain parenchyma (intracerebral hemorrhage) or the CSF space (subarachnoid hemorrhage). Intracerebral hemorrhages cause acute…

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Epilepsy and Its Differential Diagnosis

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Epilepsy and Its Differential Diagnosis

9.1   Fundamentals 9.2   Generalized Seizures 9.3   Focal (Partial) Seizures 9.4   Status Epilepticus 9.5   Episodic Neurologic Disturbances of Nonepileptic Origin Blackout The patient was 76 years old when his wife, returning home from a brief shopping…

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Topical Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis of Neurologic Syndromes

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Topical Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis of Neurologic Syndromes

5.1   Fundamentals 5.2   Muscle Weakness and Other Motor Disturbances 5.3   Sensory Disturbances 5.4   Disturbances of Consciousness 5.5   Dysfunction of Specific Areas of the Brain Burning Feet The patient, a 52-year-old baker, had received the diagnosis…

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Diseases of the Autonomic Nervous System

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Diseases of the Autonomic Nervous System

16.1   Anatomy 16.2   Normal and Pathologic Function of the Autonomic Nervous System Bad News The patient, a 54-year-old bank manager, had been feeling “worn out” for months; she was always tired and…

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Polyradiculopathy and Polyneuropathy

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Polyradiculopathy and Polyneuropathy

11.1   Fundamentals 11.2   Polyradiculitis 11.3   Polyneuropathy Suddenly Paralyzed A few days after his return from a Caribbean holiday, a 23-year-old man developed mild flulike symptoms, including a sore throat and low-grade fever. He…

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Brain Tumors

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Brain Tumors

Brain tumors are one of the more common causes of intracranial hypertension. They are subdivided into primary brain tumors, which arise from the brain tissue itself (either the neuroepithelial tissue…

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Diseases of the Brain and Meninges

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Diseases of the Brain and Meninges

6.1   Congenital and Perinatally Acquired Diseases of the Brain 6.2   Traumatic Brain Injury 6.3   Intracranial Pressure 6.4   Brain Tumors 6.5   Cerebral Ischemia and Ischemic Stroke 6.6   Nontraumatic Intracranial Hemorrhage 6.7   Infectious Diseases of the Brain and Meninges…

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Traumatic Brain Injury

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Traumatic Brain Injury

Overview In more than half of all cases, traumatic brain injury occurs as a component of multiple trauma. The associated injuries commonly affect the face, limbs, spine, chest, abdomen, and…

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Lower Limbs

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Lower Limbs

Trunk Key Point The shape and range of motion of the spine are evaluated with the patient standing. Sensation is tested with the patient lying down; particular attention should be…

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