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Physical Examination of Cervical Deformity

Nov 16, 2020 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Physical Examination of Cervical Deformity

The cervical spine is composed of seven vertebrae, which articulate in a manner that supports head and neck movement, axial cranial loads, and maintenance of horizontal gaze while providing structural…

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Cervical Opening Wedge Osteotomy

Nov 16, 2020 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Cervical Opening Wedge Osteotomy

Posterior cervical osteotomies are powerful surgical techniques utilized by spine surgeons to treat rigid cervical spinal deformity. Two main types of posterior osteotomy include the Smith-Petersen osteotomy (SPO) and pedicle…

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Cervical Pedicle Screw Fixation

Nov 16, 2020 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Cervical Pedicle Screw Fixation

History and Background Starting with the early clinical series of Roy-Camille in the 1960s 1,​2,​3,​4,​5,​6 and gaining popularity in the 1980s, pedicle screw fixation has been used in the thoracolumbar…

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Cervical Deformity Classification

Nov 16, 2020 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Cervical Deformity Classification

The cervical spine is a complex bony and ligamentous region divided anatomically into the subaxial spine (C3–C7) and the occipitocervical junction (occiput to C2). 1 Deformities that affect the cervical…

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Upper Thoracic Osteotomy for Cervical Deformity

Nov 16, 2020 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Upper Thoracic Osteotomy for Cervical Deformity

Upper thoracic osteotomy, which is less common than cervical and thoracolumbar osteotomy, can be performed for correction of cervicothoracic junction (CTJ) kyphosis and proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) after thoracolumbar fusion….

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Cervical Osteotomy Types

Nov 16, 2020 by in Uncategorized Comments Off on Cervical Osteotomy Types

Description of Cervical Osteotomy Classification System The cervical osteotomy classification system provides a common nomenclature to more effectively and objectively communicate the type of surgical resection(s) performed. It is not…

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