Trunk

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Trunk

Trunk Key Point The shape and range of motion of the spine are evaluated with the patient standing. Sensation is tested with the patient lying down; particular attention should be…

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Sleep and Its Abnormalities

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Sleep and Its Abnormalities

10.1   Shortened Sleep Duration and Abnormal Sleep–Wake Rhythm 10.2   Insomnia 10.3   Hypersomnia and Excessive Daytime Somnolence 10.4   Abnormal Movements in Sleep (Parasomnias) Restful? Not Quite The patient, a 50-year-old chef and restaurateur, proprietor of…

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Autonomic Nervous System

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Autonomic Nervous System

Trunk Key Point The shape and range of motion of the spine are evaluated with the patient standing. Sensation is tested with the patient lying down; particular attention should be…

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Cerebellar Diseases and Other Conditions Causing Ataxia

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Cerebellar Diseases and Other Conditions Causing Ataxia

The different clinical types of ataxia can be classified in several ways: By the affected neural structure(s): Cortical cerebellar ataxia. Olivopontocerebellar ataxia. Spinocerebellar ataxia. By etiology (see also ▶ Table…

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neuropsychological and Psychiatric Examination

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on neuropsychological and Psychiatric Examination

Degrees of impairment of consciousness, and other abnormal states of consciousness Designation Features Normal consciousness Oriented to place, time, and person (self), answers questions promptly and appropriately, follows commands correctly…

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Fundamentals

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Fundamentals

1.1   Microscopic Anatomy of the Nervous System 1.2   Elements of Neurophysiology 1.3   Elements of Neurogenetics Introduction Neurologic diseases can only be understood on the basis of the anatomy and physiology of the nervous…

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The Neurologic Examination

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on The Neurologic Examination

3.1   Basic Principles of the Neurologic Examination 3.2   Stance and Gait 3.3   Head and Cranial Nerves 3.4   Upper Limbs 3.5   Trunk 3.6   Lower Limbs 3.7   Autonomic Nervous System 3.8   Neurologically Relevant Aspects of the General Physical Examination 3.9   neuropsychological…

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The Clinical Interview in Neurology

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on The Clinical Interview in Neurology

2.1   General Principles of History-Taking 2.2   Special Aspects of History-Taking Is It in My Head? A 47-year-old elementary-school teacher consults a neurologist after being referred by her family physician. “Good morning. What…

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Tumors of the Skull Base

Dec 24, 2017 by in NEUROSURGERY Comments Off on Tumors of the Skull Base

Fig. 5.1 Drawings of different types and subtypes of ONSMs according to their location. For more description of each type, please refer to the text. Upper: Type I, purely intraorbital…

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