Assessment of Dysphagia

Apr 21, 2020 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Assessment of Dysphagia

There are several screening tools available to use to assist in the decision to assess via instrumental examination. The use of Peak Flow, The Yale Swallow Protocol, The Toronto Bedside…

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Medications and Dysphagia

Apr 21, 2020 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Medications and Dysphagia

Why Should Clinicians Care? The patient’s medication is often overlooked as a source of a problem contributing to the patient’s symptoms of dysphagia. This type of dysphagia, one of the…

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Lab Values in the Management of Dysphagia

Apr 21, 2020 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Lab Values in the Management of Dysphagia

Why Should Clinicians Care? When treating patients with dysphagia, it is important to evaluate the whole patient. The patient, the family, and the medical team consult the speech-language pathologist for…

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Basic Neurophysiology Review

Apr 21, 2020 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Basic Neurophysiology Review

Why Should Clinicians Care? • Understanding the basic neurophysiology of the swallow mechanism will help clinicians identify the underlying pathophysiology and the level at which the swallowing system is not…

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Anatomy and Physiology

Apr 21, 2020 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Anatomy and Physiology

Muscles of the Swallow, Action, Innervation, and Clinical Relevance Muscles of the lips and face are a complex orientation of fibers that act in a synergistic action to generate precise…

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Muscle Biopsy Evaluation

Apr 21, 2020 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Muscle Biopsy Evaluation

Fig. 1.1 Orientation of the muscle biopsy. (a) Larger specimens can sometimes be oriented with the naked eye, but in many cases, the use of a dissecting microscope can ensure…

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Nerve Biopsy Evaluation

Apr 21, 2020 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Nerve Biopsy Evaluation

Fig. 2.1 Properly clamped peripheral nerve is fixed in glutaldehyde for resin embedding and EM processing Once in pathology laboratory, the fresh specimen is snap frozen in isopentane cooled in…

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