Neuroanatomy

Jan 31, 2018 by in NEUROSURGERY Comments Off on Neuroanatomy

Fig. 2.1 Bones of the cranium (Used with permissions from Gallici et al. [2]) Fig. 2.2 Bones of the cranium (Used with permissions from Gallici et al. [2]) The bones…

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Neuroradiology

Jan 31, 2018 by in NEUROSURGERY Comments Off on Neuroradiology

Normal tissue T1 T2 CT Dense bone Dark Dark Bright Air Dark Dark Dark Fat Bright Less bright Dark Water Dark Bright Dark Brain Anatomic Intermediate Intermediate Fig. 3.1 (a)…

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Intracranial Pressure Management

Jan 31, 2018 by in NEUROSURGERY Comments Off on Intracranial Pressure Management

Fig. 11.1 Intracranial compliance curve. Initial increases in intracranial volume are well tolerated. Continued increase in intracranial volume results in loss of compliance and rapid elevations in ICP. Sustained increases…

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Brain Death and Organ Donation

Jan 31, 2018 by in NEUROSURGERY Comments Off on Brain Death and Organ Donation

The purpose of implementing devastating brain injury guidelines is to promote physiologic stability in order to support potential for neurological improvement, allow time for family presence, and preserve the opportunity…

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Neuromuscular Disease

Jan 31, 2018 by in NEUROSURGERY Comments Off on Neuromuscular Disease

Parameter Normal value Critical value Forced vital capacity (FVC) 40–70 mL/kg 20 mL/kg Maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) Men: >−100 cmH2O −30 cmH2O Women: >−70 cmH2O Maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) Men:…

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Cerebral Venous Thrombosis

Jan 31, 2018 by in NEUROSURGERY Comments Off on Cerebral Venous Thrombosis

Category Causes Hypercoagulable state Protein C, S, or antithrombin III deficiency; factor V Leiden mutation; prothrombin gene mutation; antiphospholipid syndrome (lupus anticoagulant/anticardiolipin antibody); nephrotic syndrome; hyperhomocysteinemia Infectious Encephalitis; cerebritis; meningitis;…

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Brain Tumors

Jan 31, 2018 by in NEUROSURGERY Comments Off on Brain Tumors

Fig. 14.1 Case 1 Imaging. (a, b) Pretreatment axial and coronal T1 post-contrast MRIs demonstrate a ring-enhancing intra-axial mass with central necrosis. (c) Pretreatment axial FLAIR MRI demonstrates surrounding vasogenic…

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Multimodality Monitoring

Jan 31, 2018 by in NEUROSURGERY Comments Off on Multimodality Monitoring

Fig. 20.1 Case presentation head CT showing bilateral frontal contusions An MRI of the brain revealed evolution of the bifrontal contusions, but no strokes were seen. After many days the…

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