Diseases of the Spinal Nerve Roots and Peripheral Nerves

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Diseases of the Spinal Nerve Roots and Peripheral Nerves

13.1   Radicular Syndromes 13.2   Peripheral Nerve Lesions Down the Garden Path The patient, a 52-year-old office worker, had been receiving intramuscular vitamin B12 injections every month for the past 3 years because…

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Diseases of the Cranial Nerves

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Diseases of the Cranial Nerves

12.1   Disturbances of Smell (Olfactory Nerve) 12.2   Neurologic Disturbances of Vision (Optic Nerve) 12.3   Disturbances of Ocular and Pupillary Motility 12.4   Lesions of the Trigeminal Nerve 12.5   Lesions of the Facial Nerve 12.6   Disturbances of Hearing…

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Ancillary Tests in Neurology

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Ancillary Tests in Neurology

4.1   Fundamentals 4.2   Imaging Studies 4.3   Electrophysiologic Studies 4.4   Ultrasonography (Neurosonography) 4.5   Other Ancillary Studies Stay Alert! The patient, a 72-year-old woman who worked at the checkout counter in a family-owned grocery store, consulted her…

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Diseases of the Spinal Cord

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Diseases of the Spinal Cord

7.1   Overview 7.2   Spinal Cord Trauma 7.3   Slowly Progressive Spinal Cord Compression 7.4   Spinal Cord Ischemia and Hemorrhage 7.5   Infectious and Inflammatory Diseases of the Spinal Cord 7.6   Diseases Mainly Affecting the Long Tracts of the…

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Diseases of Muscle (Myopathies)

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Diseases of Muscle (Myopathies)

15.1   Structure and Function of Muscle 15.2   General Symptomatology 15.3   Muscular Dystrophies 15.4   Myotonic Syndromes and Periodic Paralysis Syndromes 15.5   Metabolic Myopathies 15.6   Myositis 15.7   Other Diseases Affecting Muscle 15.8   Disturbances of Neuromuscular Transmission—Myasthenic Syndromes Going Weak An…

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Cerebral Ischemia and Ischemic Stroke

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Cerebral Ischemia and Ischemic Stroke

Overview Roughly 2 per 1,000 persons per year sustain an ischemic stroke; the incidence of stroke rises markedly with age. Women are less commonly affected than men up to age…

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Painful Syndromes

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Painful Syndromes

14.1   Fundamentals 14.2   Painful Syndromes of the Head and Neck 14.3   Painful Syndromes of the Face 14.4   Painful Shoulder–Arm Syndromes 14.5   Pain in the Trunk and Back 14.6   Leg Pain 14.7   Pseudoradicular Pain The Same, Only Different…

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Infectious Diseases of the Brain and Meninges

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Infectious Diseases of the Brain and Meninges

Overview Meningitis and encephalitis can also appear in mixed forms: a meningeal infection can spread to the brain (and/or spinal cord), or vice versa, causing meningo(myelo)encephalitis. The latter term is…

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Head and Cranial Nerves

Dec 28, 2017 by in NEUROLOGY Comments Off on Head and Cranial Nerves

Head and Cranial Nerves Key Point One should note the shape of the head and face, the range of motion of the cervical spine, and the intrinsic reflexes of the…

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